Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Observational appearances of a f(R) global monopole black hole illuminated by various accretions
School of Physics and Astronomy, China West Normal University, 637000, Nanchong, People’s Republic of China
2 College of Physics, Chongqing University, 401331, Chongqing, People’s Republic of China
Accepted: 6 November 2021
Published online: 22 November 2021
In this paper, we explore three simple models of accretions on a global monopole black hole in f(R) theory, and numerically study the corresponding observational appearances as seen by an observer located at the asymptotic infinity and the certain region out of black hole. For the thin-disk accretion, the results here show that the brighter lensing ring and the darker photon ring that around black hole shadow, always make a small contribution and a negligible contribution to total observed intensity respectively. While, the direct emission of disk contributes a dominant part, and the size of shadow always depends on the disk’s location. For the static and infalling spherical accretions, it turns out that the radiuses of the shadows and photon spheres are always same for both accretions, which implies that the boundary of shadow represents the signature of the spacetime geometry in this case. However, we also find that the brightness of shadow in infalling accretion is darker than that in static case since the Doppler effect is taken into account. In addition, the effect of the global monopole parameter and f(R) parameter on observational appearances of black hole are clearly emphasized throughout of this paper. Finally, we conclude that black hole shadows and the related rings with some different observable features can be used for us to distinguish black holes from different gravity theories and set the upper limits to the f(R) parameter .
© The Author(s) 2021
Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
Funded by SCOAP3