Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Observational appearances of magnetically charged black holes in Born–Infeld electrodynamics
Center for Theoretical Physics, College of Physics, Sichuan University, 610065, Chengdu, China
2 Department of Astronomy, Beijing Normal University, 100875, Beijing, China
Accepted: 24 March 2023
Published online: 5 April 2023
In this paper, we investigate the observational appearances of magnetically charged black holes in Born–Infeld (BI) electrodynamics. We examine the effects of the magnetic charge and the BI parameter on the geodesics with different impact parameters. Using the backward ray tracing method, we investigate how spherically symmetric accretions interact with black hole shadows and photon spheres. The shadows of infalling accretion are darker than that of static ones. Moreover, the radius of the photon sphere is an intrinsic property of the spacetime independent of accretions. We then study how the thin disk models affect the black hole shadows. After obtaining the transfer functions, we divide photons emitted from the thin disk into three categories: direct emission, lens ring, and photon ring. Applying three emission models, we find that the width of the shadow is dominated by the direct emission, the photon ring and the lens ring can hardly be identified by changing the emission models.
© The Author(s) 2023
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