Regular Article – Theoretical Physics
Influence of quintessence dark energy on the shadow of black hole
State Key Laboratory of Mountain Bridge and Tunnel Engineering, Chongqing Jiaotong University, Chongqing, 400074, China
2 Department of Mechanics, Chongqing Jiaotong University, Chongqing, 400074, China
3 Department of Space Science, Center for Gravitational Physics, Beihang University, Beijing, 100191, China
4 International Research Institute for Multidisciplinary Science, Beihang University, Beijing, 100191, China
* e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 9 November 2020
Published online: 17 November 2020
We investigate the effects of quintessence dark energy on the shadows of black hole, surrounded by various profiles of accretions. For the thin-disk accretion, the images of the black hole comprises the dark region and bright region, including direct emission, lensing rings and photon rings. Although their details depend on the form of the emission, generically, direct emission plays a major role for the observed brightness of the black hole, while the lensing ring makes a small contribution and the photon ring makes a negligible contribution. The existence of a cosmological horizon also plays an important role in the shadows, since the observer in the domain of outer communications is near the cosmological horizon. For spherically symmetric accretion, static and infalling matters are considered. We find that the positions of photon spheres are the same for both static and infalling accretions. However, the observed specific intensity of the image for infalling accretion is darker than for static accretion, due to the Doppler effect of the infalling motion.
© The Author(s), 2020
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