Threshold drop in accretion density if dark energy is accreting onto a supermassive black hole
Department of Mathematics, The University of Burdwan, Burdwan, West Bengal, 713104, India
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Accepted: 27 August 2019
Published online: 6 September 2019
Recent studies of galactic cores tell us that supermassive black holes are hosted at each of these cores. We got some evidences even. Besides, dark energy is expected to be distributed all over in our universe. Dark matter halo, on the other hand, could be found around the galactic regions. Though the natures of spans of them are not clearly measured. Galactic structures are supposed to be formed out of dark matter clustering. Some examples of supermassive black holes in the central regions of high redshift galaxies say that the concerned supermassive black holes have completed their constructions in a time less than it generally should be. To justify such discrepancies, we are forced to model about existences of black hole mimickers and exotic phenomena acting near the supermassive black holes. Motivated by these we study the natures of exotic matters, especially dark energy near the black holes. We choose modified Chaplygin gas as dark energy candidate. Again, the descriptions of gravitational waves or the attenuations of them when they are tunnelling through cosmological distances help us to measure the shear viscosity of the medium through which the waves have been travelled. Delayed decaying models of dark matters also suggest that dark energy and viscosity may come up as a byproduct of such decays or interactions. We consider the viscous nature of the medium, i.e., the dark energy. To do so, we choose an alpha-disc model as proposed by Shakura and Sunyaev. We study the variations of densities through accretion and wind branches for a different amount of viscosity regulated by the Shakura–Sunyaev’s alpha parameter, spin parameter and different properties of accreting fluids, viz, the properties of adiabatic fluid and modified Chaplygin gas. We compare these results with each other and some existing density profiles drawn from observational data-based simulations. We follow that our result supports the data observed till date. Specifically, we see the wind to get stronger for dark energy as accreting agent. Besides, we see the accretion to have a threshold drop if the viscosity is chosen along with the repulsive effects of dark energy.
© The Author(s), 2019