Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Bound orbits near scalar field naked singularities
Faculty of Mathematics, Tver State University, Sadovyi 35, Tver, Russia
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Accepted: 1 August 2019
Published online: 23 August 2019
We study bound orbits near the centres of static, spherically symmetric, asymptotically flat configurations of a self-gravitating scalar field minimally coupled to gravity. In our approach, a nonlinear scalar field is considered as an idealized model of dark matter, and the main examples that we have in mind are the centres of galaxies. We consider both scalar field black holes and scalar field naked singularities (SFNSs). It turns out that the shape and parameters of a bound orbit depend crucially on the type of configuration. The lapse metric function of a SFNS and, consequently, the effective potential of a massive test particle with zero angular momentum have a global minimum. A SFNS has a static degenerated orbit on which a test particle, having zero angular momentum and the minimum of its energy, remains at rest at all times. This implies that there exists a spherical shell consisting of cold gas or dust, which for a distant observer can look like the shadow of a black hole. We also study the shape of noncircular bound orbits close to the centres of SFNSs and show that their angles of precession are negative.
© The Author(s), 2019