Special Article - Tools for Experiment and Theory
Supercomputers against strong coupling in gravity with curvature and torsion
Astrophysics Group, Cavendish Laboratory, JJ Thomson Avenue, CB3 0HE, Cambridge, UK
2 Kavli Institute for Cosmology, Madingley Road, CB3 0HA, Cambridge, UK
Accepted: 26 December 2022
Published online: 19 March 2023
Many theories of gravity are spoiled by strongly coupled modes: the high computational cost of Hamiltonian analysis can obstruct the identification of these modes. A computer algebra implementation of the Hamiltonian constraint algorithm for curvature and torsion theories is presented. These non-Riemannian or Poincaré gauge theories suffer notoriously from strong coupling. The implementation forms a package (the ‘Hamiltonian Gauge Gravity Surveyor’ – HiGGS) for the xAct tensor manipulation suite in Mathematica. Poisson brackets can be evaluated in parallel, meaning that Hamiltonian analysis can be done on silicon, and at scale. Accordingly HiGGS is designed to survey the whole Lagrangian space with high-performance computing resources (clusters and supercomputers). To demonstrate this, the space of ‘outlawed’ Poincaré gauge theories is surveyed, in which a massive parity-even/odd vector or parity-odd tensor torsion particle accompanies the usual graviton. The survey spans possible configurations of teleparallel-style multiplier fields which might be used to kill-off the strongly coupled modes, with the results to be analysed in subsequent work. All brackets between the known primary and secondary constraints of all theories are made available for future study. Demonstrations are also given for using HiGGS – on a desktop computer – to run the Dirac–Bergmann algorithm on specific theories, such as Einstein–Cartan theory and its minimal extensions.
© The Author(s) 2023
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