Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Teleparallel axions and cosmology
Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, Institute of Physics, University of Tartu, W. Ostwaldi 1, 50411, Tartu, Estonia
2 Center of Applied Space Technology and Microgravity-ZARM, University of Bremen, Am Fallturm 2, 28359, Bremen, Germany
Accepted: 18 April 2021
Published online: 30 April 2021
We consider the most general teleparallel theory of gravity whose action is a linear combination of the five scalar invariants which are quadratic in the torsion tensor. Since two of these invariants possess odd parity, they naturally allow for a coupling to pseudo-scalar fields, thus yielding a Lagrangian which is even under parity transformations. In analogy to similar fields in gauge theories, we call these pseudo-scalar fields teleparallel axions. For the most general coupling of a single axion field, we derive the cosmological field equations. We find that for a family of cosmologically symmetric teleparallel geometries, which possess non-vanishing axial torsion, the axion coupling contributes to the cosmological dynamics in the early universe. Most remarkably, this contribution is also present when the axion is coupled to the teleparallel equivalent of general relativity, hence allowing for a canonical coupling of a pseudo-scalar to general relativity. For this case we schematically present the influence of the axion coupling on the fixed points in the cosmological dynamics understood as dynamical system. Finally, we display possible generalizations and similar extensions in other geometric frameworks to model gravity.
© The Author(s) 2021
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