Regular Article - Experimental Physics
Cluster time measurement with CEPC calorimeter
IHEP, Beijing, China
2 LLR, Ecole Polytechnique, Palaiseau, France
Accepted: 11 January 2023
Published online: 30 January 2023
We have developed an algorithm dedicated to timing reconstruction in highly granular calorimeters (HGC). The performance of this algorithm is evaluated on an electromagnetic calorimeter (ECAL) with geometries comparable to the electromagnetic compartment (CE-E) of the CMS endcap calorimeter upgrade at HL-LHC and conceptual Particle Flow oriented ECAL’s for future Higgs factories. The time response of individual channel is parameterized according to the CMS experimental result (Akchurin et al. in Nucl Instrum Methods Phys Res Sect A Accel Spectrom Detect Assoc Equip 859:31, 2017). The particle Time-of-Flight (ToF) can be measured with a resolution of 5–20 ps for electromagnetic (EM) showers and 80–160 ps for hadronic showers above 1 GeV. The presented algorithm provides comparable reconstruction with the weighting strategy and can significantly improve the time resolution compared to a simple averaging of the fast component of the time spectrum. The effects of three detector configurations are also quantified in this study. ToF resolution depends linearly on the timing resolution of a single silicon sensor and improves statistically with increasing incident particle energy. The timing layers at depth of 6–9 radiation lengths provide higher timing performance for EM showers. A clustering algorithm that vetoes isolated hits improves ToF resolution.
© The Author(s) 2023
Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
Funded by SCOAP3. SCOAP3 supports the goals of the International Year of Basic Sciences for Sustainable Development.