Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Tsallis holographic dark energy reconsidered
Department of Physics, Cochin University of Science and Technology, 682022, Kochi, Kerala, India
Accepted: 22 April 2022
Published online: 3 May 2022
We consider the interacting Tsallis Holographic Dark Energy (THDE), with the Granda–Oliveros (GO) scale as the infrared (IR) cutoff, as dynamical vacuum. We analytically solved for the Hubble parameter, in a spatially flat FLRW universe with dark energy and matter as components, and the solution traces the evolutionary path from the prior decelerated to the late accelerated epoch. Without interaction, the model predicts a CDM like behavior with an effective cosmological constant. We used Pantheon Supernovae type Ia, observational Hubble data (OHD), cosmic microwave background (CMB), and baryon acoustic oscillation (BAO) data to constrain the free parameters of the model. The estimated values of the cosmological parameters were consistent with observational results. We analyzed the behavior of the model using the statefinder and plane where and corresponds to the effective equation of state and its evolution, respectively. The model shows a quintessence behavior in general, and the model trajectory ends in a point that corresponds to the de Sitter phase. We performed a dynamical analysis of the model, concluding that the prior decelerated and late accelerated phases are unstable and stable equilibria, respectively. We also investigated the thermodynamical nature of the model and found that the generalized second law remains valid in the dynamical vacuum treatment of the model.
© The Author(s) 2022
Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
Funded by SCOAP3