Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Friedmann cosmology with decaying vacuum density in Brans–Dicke theory
Department of Applied Mathematics, Delhi Technological University, Bawana Road, 110 042, Delhi, India
2 Departament de Física Quàntica i Astrofísica, and Institute of Cosmos Sciences, Universitat de Barcelona, Av. Diagonal 647, 08028, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
Accepted: 21 October 2021
Published online: 31 October 2021
In this paper, we study Friedmann cosmology with time-varying vacuum energy density in the context of Brans–Dicke theory. We consider an isotropic and homogeneous flat space, filled with a matter-dominated perfect fluid and a dynamical cosmological term , obeying the equation of state of the vacuum. As the exact nature of a possible time-varying vacuum is yet to be found, we explore given by the phenomenological law , where and are positive constants. We solve the model and then focus on two different cases and by assuming and , respectively. Notice that is the analog of the standard CDM, but within the Brans–Dicke cosmology. We find the analytical solution of the main cosmological functions such as the Hubble parameter, the scale factor, deceleration and equation of state parameters for these models. In order to test the viability of the cosmological scenarios, we perform two sets of joint observational analyses of the recent Type Ia supernova data (Pantheon), observational measurements of Hubble parameter data, Baryon acoustic oscillation/Cosmic microwave background data and Local Hubble constant for each model. For the sake of comparison, the same data analysis is performed for the CDM model. Each model shows a transition from decelerated phase to accelerated phase and can be viewed as an effective quintessence behavior. Using the model selection criteria AIC and BIC to distinguish from existing dark energy models, we find that the Brans–Dicke analog of the -cosmology (i.e. our model ) performs at a level comparable to the standard CDM, whereas is less favoured.
© The Author(s) 2021
Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
Funded by SCOAP3