Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Monojet search for heavy neutrinos at future Z-factories
School of Physics, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 430074, Wuhan, China
2 School of Nuclear Science and Technology, Lanzhou University, 730000, Lanzhou, China
Accepted: 6 April 2022
Published online: 3 May 2022
The existence of heavy neutrinos is the most prominent feature of type-I seesaw-like mechanisms, which naturally explain tiny masses of observed neutrinos. Various experiments have been conducted to search for heavy neutrinos, with meson decays sensitive to heavy neutrinos lighter than B mesons and high energy collider experiments sensitive to the ones with masses larger than TeV. In between, there is a mass gap uncovered by these two kinds of experiments, and by this work, we investigate the 3–15 GeV neutrino searches at future Z-factories via the process with . Based on the simulation of signal and background events, we find that the signals appear as monojet events owning to the large Lorentz boost of the heavy neutrinos. Furthermore, the substructures of such monojet are essential to reconstruct the signal and suppress the background. The upper bounds on the cross section of the signal process and the mixing parameter are obtained. Compared with other experiments, the monojet method at future Z-factories will be able to fill the gap around this mass range.
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