Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
New test of neutrino oscillation coherence with Leggett–Garg inequality
School of Physics and State Key Laboratory of Nuclear Physics and Technology, Peking University, 100871, Beijing, China
2 Center for High Energy Physics, Peking University, 100871, Beijing, China
3 Collaborative Innovation Center of Quantum Matter, Beijing, China
Accepted: 25 January 2022
Published online: 12 February 2022
Leggett–Garg inequality (LGI) is a time analogue of Bell’s inequality that concerns measurements performed on a system at different times. Violation to LGI indicates quantum coherence. We present a Leggett–Garg-type inequality compatible with more general neutrino oscillation frameworks, allowing the effects of decoherence to be taken into consideration. The inequality is applied to test coherence for data from Daya Bay, MINOS, and KamLAND experiments, and their results are compared to theoretical predictions to investigate decoherence. Both Daya Bay and MINOS data exhibit clear violations of over , and of over 90 of theoretical predictions, while the KamLAND data exhibit violation of , being of 58 of the theoretical prediction. The present work is the first to have considered the energy uncertainties in neutrino coherence tests.
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