Regular Article – Experimental Physics
Finding new physics without learning about it: anomaly detection as a tool for searches at colliders
LIP, Av. Professor Gama Pinto 2, 1649-003, Lisbon, Portugal
2 Departamento de Física, Escola de Ciências, Universidade do Minho, 4710-057, Braga, Portugal
Accepted: 24 December 2020
Published online: 15 January 2021
In this paper we propose a new strategy, based on anomaly detection methods, to search for new physics phenomena at colliders independently of the details of such new events. For this purpose, machine learning techniques are trained using Standard Model events, with the corresponding outputs being sensitive to physics beyond it. We explore three novel AD methods in HEP: Isolation Forest, Histogram-Based Outlier Detection, and Deep Support Vector Data Description; alongside the most customary Autoencoder. In order to evaluate the sensitivity of the proposed approach, predictions from specific new physics models are considered and compared to those achieved when using fully supervised deep neural networks. A comparison between shallow and deep anomaly detection techniques is also presented. Our results demonstrate the potential of semi-supervised anomaly detection techniques to extensively explore the present and future hadron colliders’ data.
© The Author(s) 2021
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Funded by SCOAP3