2018 Impact factor 4.843
Particles and Fields
Eur. Phys. J. C 17, 373-387
DOI 10.1007/s100520000505

Multiplicities of $\pi^0$, $\eta$, $\rm K^0$ and of charged particles
in quark and gluon jets

The OPAL Collaboration

G. Abbiendi$^{\rm 2}$ - et al.

2 Dipartimento di Fisica dell' Università di Bologna and INFN, 40126 Bologna, Italy

Received: 31 March 2000 / Published online: 25 September 2000 - © Springer-Verlag 2000

Abstract
We compared the multiplicities of $
\pi^0, $ $ \eta, $ $\rm K^0$ and of charged particles in quark and gluon jets in 3-jet events, as measured by the OPAL experiment at LEP. The comparisons were performed for distributions unfolded to $\rm 100\%$ pure quark and gluon jets, at an effective scale $\rm Q_{jet} $ which took into account topological dependences of the 3-jet environment. The ratio of particle multiplicity in gluon jets to that in quark jets as a function of $\rm Q_{jet} $ for $ \pi^0,\ \eta$ or $\rm K^0$ was found to be independent of the particle species. This is consistent with the QCD prediction that the observed enhancement in the mean particle rate in gluon jets with respect to quark jets should be independent of particle species. In contrast to some theoretical predictions and previous observations, we observed no evidence for an enhancement of $\eta$ meson production in gluon jets with respect to quark jets, beyond that observed for charged particles. We measured the ratio of the slope of the average charged particle multiplicity in gluon jets to that in quark jets, C, and we compared it to a next-to-next-to-next-to leading order calculation. Our result, $\rm C=2.27\pm 0.20(stat.+syst.),$ is about one standard deviation higher than the perturbative prediction.


Copyright Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag 2000