2022 Impact factor 4.4
Particles and Fields
Eur. Phys. J. C 8, 241-254
DOI 10.1007/s100529901058

Production of $\bf{{\rm K}^0_{\rm S}}$ and $\Lambda$ in quark and gluon jets from ${\mathrm{Z^0}}$ decay

The OPAL Collaboration
K.Ackerstaff 8 - et al.

8CERN, European Organisation for Particle Physics, CH-1211 Geneva 23, Switzerland

Received: 30 July 1998 / Published online: 11 March 1999

The production of ${{\rm K}^0_{\rm S}}$ mesons and $\Lambda$ baryons in quark and gluon jets has been investigated using two complementary techniques. In the first approach, which provides high statistical accuracy, jets were selected using different jet finding algorithms and ordered according to their energy. Production rates were determined taking into account the dependences of quark and gluon compositions as a function of jet energy as predicted by Monte Carlo models. Selecting three-jet events with the $k_{\perp}$ (Durham) jet finder ($y_{\mathrm{cut}} =
 0.005$), the ratios of ${{\rm K}^0_{\rm S}}$ and $\Lambda$ production rates in gluon and quark jets relative to the mean charged particle multiplicity were found to be $1.10 \pm 0.02 \pm 0.02$ and $1.41 \pm 0.04 \pm 0.04$, respectively, where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second is systematic. In the second approach, a new method of identifying quark jets based on the collimation of energy flow around the jet axis is introduced and was used to anti-tag gluon jets in symmetric (Y-shaped) three-jet events. Using the cone jet finding algorithm with a cone size of 30\ensuremath{^\circ}, the ratios of relative production rates in gluon and quark jets were determined to be $0.94 \pm 0.07 \pm 0.07$ for \ensuremath{\mathrm{K^0_S}} and $1.18 \pm 0.10 \pm 0.17$ for $\Lambda$. The results of both analyses are compared to the predictions of Monte Carlo models.

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