**84**: 971

https://doi.org/10.1140/epjc/s10052-024-13342-z

Regular Article - Theoretical Physics

## The lensing effect of quantum-corrected black hole and parameter constraints from EHT observations

College of Physics, Guizhou University, 550025, Guiyang, China

^{c}
zyxu@gzu.edu.cn

Received:
30
July
2024

Accepted:
4
September
2024

Published online:
27
September
2024

The quantum-corrected black hole model demonstrates significant potential in the study of gravitational lensing effects. By incorporating quantum effects, this model addresses the singularity problem in classical black holes. In this paper, we investigate the impact of the quantum correction parameter on the lensing effect based on the quantum-corrected black hole model. Using the black holes $M{87}^{\ast}$ and $Sgr{A}^{\ast}$ as our subjects, we explore the influence of the quantum correction parameter on angular position, Einstein ring, and time delay. Additionally, we use data from the Event Horizon Telescope observations of black hole shadows to constrain the quantum correction parameter. Our results indicate that the quantum correction parameter significantly affects the lensing coefficients $\overline{a}$ and $\overline{b}$, as well as the Einstein ring. The position ${\theta}_{\infty}$ and brightness ratio *S* of the relativistic image exhibit significant changes,with deviations on the order of magnitude of $\sim 1\phantom{\rule{0.166667em}{0ex}}\mathrm{\mu}\phantom{\rule{-0.166667em}{0ex}}\text{as}$ and $\sim 0.01\phantom{\rule{0.166667em}{0ex}}\mathrm{\mu}\phantom{\rule{-0.166667em}{0ex}}\text{as}$, respectively. The impact of the quantum correction parameter on the time delay $\mathrm{\Delta}{T}_{21}$ is particularly significant in the $M{87}^{\ast}$ black hole, with deviations reaching up to several tens of hours. Using observational data from the Event Horizon Telescope(EHT) of black hole shadows to constrain the quantum correction parameter, the constraint range under the $M{87}^{\ast}$ black hole is $0\le \frac{\alpha}{{M}^{2}}\le 1.4087$ and the constraint range under the $Sgr{A}^{\ast}$ black hole is $0.9713\le \frac{\alpha}{{M}^{2}}\le 1.6715$. Although the current resolution of the EHT limits the observation of subtle differences, future high-resolution telescopes are expected to further distinguish between the quantum-corrected black hole and the Schwarzschild black hole, providing new avenues for exploring quantum gravitational effects.

*© The Author(s) 2024*

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Funded by SCOAP^{3}.