Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Planar degeneracy of the three-gluon vertex
Institute of Physics “Gleb Wataghin”, University of Campinas-UNICAMP, 13083-859, Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil
2 Department of Theoretical Physics and IFIC, University of Valencia and CSIC, 46100, Valencia, Spain
Accepted: 15 June 2023
Published online: 29 June 2023
We present a detailed exploration of certain outstanding features of the transversely-projected three-gluon vertex, using the corresponding Schwinger–Dyson equation in conjunction with key results obtained from quenched lattice simulations. The main goal of this study is the scrutiny of the approximate property denominated “planar degeneracy”, unveiled when the Bose symmetry of the vertex is properly exploited. The planar degeneracy leads to a particularly simple parametrization of the vertex, reducing its kinematic dependence to essentially a single variable. Our analysis, carried out in the absence of dynamical quarks, reveals that the planar degeneracy is particularly accurate for the description of the form factor associated with the classical tensor, for a wide array of arbitrary kinematic configurations. Instead, the remaining three form factors display considerable violations of this property. In addition, and in close connection with the previous point, we demonstrate the numerical dominance of the classical form factor over all others, except in the vicinity of the soft-gluon kinematics. The final upshot of these considerations is the emergence of a very compact description for the three-gluon vertex in general kinematics, which may simplify significantly nonperturbative applications involving this vertex.
© The Author(s) 2023
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