Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Covariant transport equation and gravito-conductivity in generic stationary spacetimes
School of Physics, Nankai University, 300071, Tianjin, China
2 School of Physics, Hebei Normal University, 050024, Shijiazhuang, China
3 Department of Physics, University of Houston, 77204, Houston, TX, USA
Accepted: 30 November 2022
Published online: 6 December 2022
We find a near detailed balance solution to the relativistic Boltzmann equation under the relaxation time approximation with a collision term which differs from the Anderson–Witting model and is dependent on the stationary observer. Using this new solution, we construct an explicit covariant transport equation for the particle flux in response to the generalized temperature and chemical potential gradients in generic stationary spacetimes, with the transport tensors characterized by some integral functions in the chemical potential and the relativistic coldness. To illustrate the application of the transport equation, we study probe systems in Rindler and Kerr spacetimes and analyze the asymptotic properties of the gravito-conductivity tensor in the near horizon limit. It turns out that both the longitudinal and lateral parts (if present) of the gravito-conductivity tend to be divergent in the near horizon limit. In the weak field limit, our results coincide with the non-relativistic gravitational transport equation which follows from the direct application of the Drude model.
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