Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Hawking evaporation, shadow images, and thermodynamics of black holes through deflection angle
Department of Mathematics, COMSATS University, Lahore Campus, 54000, Islamabad, Pakistan
2 Physics Department, State University of Tetovo, Ilinden Street nn, 1200, Tetovo, North Macedonia
Accepted: 25 June 2022
Published online: 30 July 2022
We study the Hawking evaporation process of the exact black hole with nonlinear electrodynamics for positive and negative coupling constant . We provide a new perspective to study the thermodynamics of exact black hole through deflection angle formalism. We also evaluate the shadow images in the presence of deflection images for this black hole. Moreover, we consider the Gibbs energy optical dependence to investigate the Hawking-Page transition. We observe that evaporation rate depends upon and black hole evaporates more quickly for positive as compared to negative . For the case , the black hole’s lifetime become infinite, which makes the black hole a remnant and the third law of black hole thermodynamics holds in this scenario. We show that the thermal variations in the deflection angle can be used to determine the stable and unstable phases of the black hole. Our findings show that large and small phase transitions of black hole occur at a specific value of the deflection angle.
© The Author(s) 2022
Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
Funded by SCOAP3. SCOAP3 supports the goals of the International Year of Basic Sciences for Sustainable Development.