Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Towards a full general relativistic approach to galaxies
Department of Science and High Technology, Università dell’Insubria, Via Valleggio 11, 22100, Como, Italy
2 INFN, sezione di Milano, Via Celoria 16, 20133, Milan, Italy
Accepted: 28 May 2022
Published online: 24 June 2022
We analyse the dynamics of a single disk galaxy from a general relativistic viewpoint. We investigate dark matter (DM) effects in terms of a known family of stationary axially-symmetric solutions of Einstein equations coupled to a rotating dust. These effects are generated by the non-Newtonian features of such solutions and are ascribed to the essential role of frame dragging. Indeed, in such models, the off-diagonal elements of the metric are, in general, of the same order of magnitude of the diagonal ones. We generalize the results of Balasin and Grumiller (BG) to the physical case of differentially rotating dust. In particular, we find that for differential rotation the amount of energy density required to account for the flat rotation curves of disk galaxies is reduced with respect to the BG rigid rotation case. This stresses the discrepancy between Newtonian gravity and general relativity (GR), even at low velocities and low energy densities.
© The Author(s) 2022
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