Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Charged radiation collapse in Einstein–Gauss–Bonnet gravity
Astrophysics Research Centre, School of Mathematics, Statistics and Computer Science, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Private Bag 54001, 4000, Durban, South Africa
Accepted: 14 April 2022
Published online: 25 April 2022
We generalise the continual gravitational collapse of a spherically symmetric radiation shell of matter in five dimensional Einstein–Gauss–Bonnet gravity to include the electromagnetic field. The presence of charge has a significant effect in the collapse dynamics. We note that there exists a maximal charge contribution for which the metric functions in Einstein–Gauss–Bonnet gravity remain real, which is not the case in general relativity. Beyond this maximal charge the spacetime metric is complex. The final fate of collapse for the uncharged matter field, with positive mass, is an extended, weak and initially naked central conical singularity. With the presence of an electromagnetic field, collapse terminates with the emergence of a branch singularity separating the physical spacetime from the complex region. We show that this marked difference in singularity formation is only prevalent in five dimensions. We extend our analysis to higher dimensions and show that for all dimensions , charged collapse ceases with the above mentioned branch singularity. This is significantly different than the uncharged scenario where a strong curvature singularity forms post collapse for all and a weak conical singularity forms when . A comparison with charged radiation collapse in general relativity is also given.
© The Author(s) 2022
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