Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Gravitational perfect fluid collapse in Gauss–Bonnet gravity
Department of Mathematics, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur, 63100, Pakistan
* e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 25 July 2017
Published online: 11 August 2017
The Einstein Gauss–Bonnet theory of gravity is the low-energy limit of heterotic super-symmetric string theory. This paper deals with gravitational collapse of a perfect fluid in Einstein–Gauss–Bonnet gravity by considering the Lemaitre–Tolman–Bondi metric. For this purpose, the closed form of the exact solution of the equations of motion has been determined by using the conservation of the stress-energy tensor and the condition of marginally bound shells. It has been investigated that the presence of a Gauss–Bonnet coupling term and the pressure of the fluid modifies the structure and time formation of singularity. In this analysis a singularity forms earlier than a horizon, so the end state of the collapse is a naked singularity depending on the initial data. But this singularity is weak and timelike, which goes against the investigation of general relativity.
© The Author(s), 2017