Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Generalized Maxwell–Higgs vortices in models with enhanced symmetry
Departamento de Física, Universidade Federal da Paraíba, 58051-970, João Pessoa, PB, Brazil
2 Departamento de Biotecnologia, Universidade Federal da Paraíba, 58051-900, João Pessoa, PB, Brazil
Accepted: 2 April 2022
Published online: 10 April 2022
Topological vortices in relativistic gauge theories in flat three-dimensional spacetime are investigated. We consider the symmetry , and for each subgroup, a complex scalar field transforming under its action is introduced, as well as generalized permeabilities through which the subsystems are coupled. We investigate in detail the features of static, finite energy solutions within this class of generalized Maxwell–Higgs models, and study the effect of the winding numbers in the magnetic properties of each subsystem. A BPS bound and the related first order equations are introduced for a large class of models. Finally, we present some specific models and solve their equations of motion to find solutions engendering many distinct features in relation to each other and to the standard Nielsen–Olesen vortex.
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