Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Acceptability conditions and relativistic anisotropic generalized polytropes
Escuela de Física, Universidad Industrial de Santander, 680002, Bucaramanga, Colombia
2 Departamento de Matemática Aplicada, Instituto Universitario de Física Fundamental y Matemáticas, Universidad de Salamanca, Salamanca, Spain
3 Departamento de Física, Universidad de Los Andes, 5101, Mérida, Venezuela
Accepted: 10 February 2022
Published online: 25 February 2022
This paper explored the physical acceptability conditions for anisotropic matter configurations in General Relativity. The study considered a generalized polytropic equation of state for a heuristic anisotropy. We integrated the corresponding Lane–Emden equation for several hundred models and found the parameter-space portion ensuring the physical acceptability of the configurations. Polytropes based on the total energy density are more viable than those with baryonic density, and small positive local anisotropies produce acceptable models. We also found that polytropic configurations where tangential pressures are greater than radial ones are also more acceptable. Finally, convective disturbances do not generate cracking instabilities. Several models emerging from our simulations could represent candidates of astrophysical compact objects.
© The Author(s) 2022
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