Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
The dimensional reduction of linearized spin-2 theories invariant under transverse diffeomorphisms
Departamento de Física, UNESP, Campus de Guaratinguetá, CEP 12516-410, Guaratinguetá, SP, Brazil
2 CP3-Origins, University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, 5230, Odense M, Denmark
Accepted: 29 May 2021
Published online: 25 June 2021
Here we perform the Kaluza–Klein dimensional reduction from to D dimensions of massless Lagrangians described by a symmetric rank-2 tensor and invariant under transverse differmorphisms (TDiff). They include the linearized Einstein–Hilbert theory, linearized unimodular gravity and scalar tensor models. We obtain simple expressions in terms of gauge invariant field combinations and show that unitarity is preserved in all cases. After fixing a gauge, the reduced model becomes a massive scalar tensor theory. We show that the diffeomorphism (Diff) symmetry, instead of TDiff, is a general feature of the massless sector of consistent massive scalar tensor models. We discuss some subtleties when eliminating Stückelberg fields directly at action level as gauge conditions. A non local connection between the massless sector of the scalar tensor theory and the pure tensor TDiff model leads to a parametrization of the non conserved source which naturally separates spin-0 and spin-2 contributions in the pure tensor theory. The case of curved backgrounds is also investigated. If we truncate the non minimal couplings to linear terms in the curvature, vector and scalar constraints require Einstein spaces as in the Diff and WTDiff (Weyl plus Diff) cases. We prove that our linearized massive scalar tensor models admit those curved background extensions.
© The Author(s) 2021
Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
Funded by SCOAP3