Regular Article – Theoretical Physics
Approximate neutrino oscillations in the vacuum
Institute of Modern Physics, NanChangLu 509, 730000, Lanzhou, China
2 University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, YuQuanLu 19A, 100049, Beijing, China
3 Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Beni-Suef University, 62521, Beni-Suef, Egypt
Accepted: 31 March 2021
Published online: 16 April 2021
It is well known that neutrino oscillations may damp due to decoherence caused by the separation of mass eigenstate wave packets or by a baseline uncertainty of order the oscillation wave length. In this note we show that if the particles created together with the neutrino are not measured and do not interact with the environment, then the first source of decoherence is not present. This demonstration uses the saddle point approximation and also assumes that the experiment lasts longer than a certain threshold. We independently derive this result using the external wave packet model and also using a model in which the fields responsible for neutrino production and detection are treated dynamically. Intuitively this result is a consequence of the fact that the neutrino emission time does not affect the final state and so amplitudes corresponding to distinct emission times must be added coherently. This fact also implies that oscillations resulting from mass eigenstates which are detected simultaneously arise from neutrinos which were not created simultaneously but are nonetheless coherent, realizing the neutrino oscillation paradigm of Kobach, Manohar and McGreevy.
© The Author(s) 2021
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