Regular Article – Theoretical Physics
Confronting inflation models with the coming observations on primordial gravitational waves
Institute of Astrophysics, Central China Normal University, 430079, Wuhan, China
2 Key Laboratory of Particle Astrophysics, Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100086, Beijing, China
Accepted: 6 December 2020
Published online: 17 December 2020
The recent observations from CMB have imposed a very stringent upper-limit on the tensor/scalar ratio r of inflation models, , which indicates that the primordial gravitational waves (PGW), even though possible to be detected, should have a power spectrum of a tiny amplitude. However, current experiments on PGW is ambitious to detect such a signal by improving the accuracy to an even higher level. Whatever their results are, it will give us much information about the early Universe, not only from the astrophysical side but also from the theoretical side, such as model building for the early Universe. In this paper, we are interested in analyzing what kind of inflation models can be favored by future observations, starting with a kind of general action offered by the effective field theory (EFT) approach. We show a general form of r that can be reduced to various models, and more importantly, we show how the accuracy of future observations can put constraints on model parameters by plotting the contours in their parameter spaces.
© The Author(s) 2020
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