Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Exploring the potentiality of standard sirens to probe cosmic opacity at high redshifts
Institute of Physics, Hunan University of Science and Technology, 411201, Xiangtan, Hunan, China
2 School of Science, Kaili University, 556011, Kaili, Guizhou, China
Accepted: 2 September 2020
Published online: 26 September 2020
In this work, using the Gaussian process, we explore the potentiality of future gravitational wave (GW) measurements to probe cosmic opacity at high redshifts through comparing its opacity-free luminosity distance (LD) with the opacity-dependent one from the combination of Type Ia supernovae (SNIa) and gamma-ray bursts (GRBs). The GW data, SNIa and GRB data are simulated from the measurements of the future Einstein Telescope, the actual Pantheon compilation and the latest observation of GRBs compiled by Amati et al, respectively. A nonparametric method is proposed to probe the spatial homogeneity of cosmic transparency at high redshift by comparing the LD reconstructed from the GW data with that reconstructed from the Pantheon and GRB data. In addition, the cosmic opacity is tested by using the parametrization for the optical depth, and the results show that the constraints on cosmic opacity are more stringent than the previous ones. It shows that the future GW measurements may be used as an important tool to probe the cosmic opacity in the high redshift region.
© The Author(s) 2020
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