Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Cosmological test on viscous bulk models using Hubble parameter measurements and type Ia supernovae data
Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad Autónoma de Querétaro, Centro Universitario Cerro de las Campanas, 76010, Santiago de Querétaro, Mexico
* e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 30 August 2019
Published online: 10 September 2019
From a phenomenological point of view, we analyze the dynamics of the Universe at late times by introducing a polynomial and hyperbolic bulk viscosity into the Einstein field equations respectively. We constrain their free parameters using the observational Hubble parameter data and the Type Ia Supernovae dataset to reconstruct the deceleration q and the jerk j parameters within the redshift region . At current epochs, we obtain and for the polynomial model and () and () for the tanh (cosh) model. Furthermore, we explore the statefinder diagnostic that gives us evident differences with respect to the concordance model (LCDM). According to our results this kind of models is not supported by the data over LCDM.
© The Author(s), 2019