Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Phantom energy accretion and primordial black holes evolution in Brans–Dicke theory
Department of Physics, Utkal University, Vanivihar, Bhubaneswar, 751004, India
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Revised: 26 November 2011
Published online: 21 December 2011
In this work, we study the evolution of primordial black holes within the context of Brans–Dicke theory by considering the presence of a dark energy component with a super-negative equation of state, called phantom energy, as a background. Besides Hawking evaporation, here we consider two types of accretion—radiation accretion and phantom energy accretion. We found that radiation accretion increases the lifetime of primordial black holes whereas phantom accretion decreases the lifespan of primordial black holes. Investigating the competition between the radiation accretion and phantom accretion, we found that there is an instant during the matter-dominated era beyond which phantom accretion dominates radiation accretion. So the primordial black holes which are formed in the later part of radiation-dominated era and in matter-dominated era are evaporated at a quicker rate than by Hawking evaporation. But for presently evaporating primordial black holes, radiation accretion and Hawking evaporation terms are dominant over the phantom accretion term and hence presently evaporating primordial black holes are not much affected by phantom accretion.
© Springer-Verlag / Società Italiana di Fisica, 2011