Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
New mechanism to cross the phantom divide
Shanghai United Center for Astrophysics (SUCA), Shanghai Normal University, 100 Guilin Road, Shanghai, 200234, P.R. China
* e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Revised: 4 May 2011
Published online: 1 June 2011
Recently, type Ia supernova data appear to support a dark energy whose equation of state w crosses −1, which is a much more amazing problem than the acceleration of the universe. We show that it is possible for the equation of state to cross the phantom divide by a scalar field in gravity with an additional inverse power-law term of the Ricci scalar in the Lagrangian. The necessary and sufficient condition for a universe in which the dark energy can cross the phantom divide is obtained. Some analytical solutions with w<−1 or w>−1 are obtained. A minimally coupled scalar with different potentials, including quadratic, cubic, quantic, exponential and logarithmic potentials are investigated via numerical methods, respectively. All these potentials lead to the crossing behavior. We show that it is a robust result which is hardly dependent on the concrete form of the potential of the scalar.
© Springer-Verlag / Società Italiana di Fisica, 2011