Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Equations of state in the Brans–Dicke cosmology
Institute of Basic Science and School of Computer Aided Science, Inje University, Gimhae, 621-749, South Korea
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Revised: 5 February 2011
Published online: 5 March 2011
We investigate the Brans–Dicke (BD) theory with the potential as cosmological model to explain the present accelerating universe. In this work, we consider the BD field as a perfect fluid with the energy density and pressure in the Jordan frame. Introducing the power-law potential and the interaction with the cold dark matter, we obtain the phantom divide which is confirmed by the native and effective equation of state. Also we can describe the metric f(R) gravity with an appropriate potential, which shows a future crossing of the phantom divide in viable f(R) gravity models when employing the native and effective equations of state.
© Springer-Verlag / Società Italiana di Fisica, 2011