Matching NLO parton shower matrix element with exact phase space: case of W→lν(γ) and γ ∗→π + π −(γ)
Physikalisches Institut, Universität Bonn, Nussallee 12, 53115, Bonn, Germany
2 IHEP, TSU, Tbilisi, Georgia
3 Department of Physics, Hangzhou Normal University, Hangzhou, 310036, China
4 Institute of Nuclear Physics, PAN, ul. Radzikowskiego 152, Kraków, Poland
5 CERN PH-TH, 1211, Geneva 23, Switzerland
Published online: 11 November 2010
Monte Carlo is often used for simulation of QED effects in decay of intermediate particles and resonances. Momenta are generated in such a way that samples of events cover the whole bremsstrahlung phase space. With the help of selection cuts, experimental acceptance can then be taken into account.
The program is based on an exact multi-photon phase space. A crude matrix element is obtained by iteration of a universal multidimensional kernel. It ensures exact distribution in the soft photon region. The algorithm is compatible with exclusive exponentiation. To evaluate the program’s precision, it is necessary to control the kernel with the help of perturbative results. If available, the kernel is constructed from the exact first order matrix element. This ensures that all terms necessary for non-leading logarithms are taken into account. In the present paper we will focus on the W→lν and γ ∗→π + π − decays. The Born level cross sections for both processes approach zero in some points of the phase space.
A process dependent compensating weight is constructed to incorporate the exact matrix element, but is recommended for use in tests only. In the hard photon region, where scalar QED is not expected to be reliable, the compensating weight for γ ∗ decay can be large. With respect to the total rate, the effect remains at the permille level. It is nonetheless of interest. The terms leading to the effect are analogous to some terms appearing in QCD.
The present paper can be understood either as a contribution to discussion on how to match two collinear emission chains resulting from charged sources in a way compatible with the exact and complete phase space, exclusive exponentiation and the first order matrix element of QED (scalar QED), or as the practical study of predictions for accelerator experiments.
© Springer-Verlag / Società Italiana di Fisica, 2010