2019 Impact factor 4.389
Particles and Fields
Eur. Phys. J. C 14, 503-510
DOI 10.1007/s100520000351

Conformal couplings and "azimuthal matching''
of QCD pomerons

N. Marchal** Stagiaire de Diplôme d'Etudes Approfondies de Physique Théorique (ENS, Paris). - R. Peschanski

Service de Physique Théorique CEA-Saclay, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex, France

Received: 25 October 1999 / Revised version: 19 January 2000 /
Published online: 14 April 2000 - © Springer-Verlag 2000

Using the asymptotic conformal invariance of perturbative QCD we derive the expression of the coupling of external states to all conformal spin pcomponents of the forward elastic amplitude. Using the wave function formalism for structure functions at small x, we derive the perturbative coupling of the virtual photon for p= 1, which is maximal for linear transverse polarization. The non-perturbative coupling to the proton is discussed in terms of "azimuthal matching'' between the proton color dipoles and the $q\bar q$ configurations of the photon. As an application, the recent conjecture of a second QCD pomeron related to the conformal spin-1 component is shown to rely upon a strong azimuthal matching of the p= 1 component in $\gamma^*$-proton scattering.

Copyright Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag 2000