2022 Impact factor 4.4
Particles and Fields
Eur. Phys. J. C 11, 473-484
DOI 10.1007/s100529900071

Complete calculations of $Wb\bar{b}$ and $Wb\bar{b}+{\rm jet}$ production at Tevatron and LHC: Probing anomalous Wtb couplings in single-top production

E. Boos1 - L. Dudko1 - T. Ohl2

1 Institute of Nuclear Physics, Moscow State University, 119899 Moscow, Russia
2 Institut für Kernphysik, Darmstadt University of Technology, Darmstadt, Germany

Received: 3 March 1999 / Published oline: 22 October 2999

We present the results of a complete tree-level calculation of the processes $pp(\bar{p}) \to Wb\bar{b}$ and $Wb\bar{b}+{\rm jet}$ that includes the single-top signal and all irreducible backgrounds simultaneously. In order to probe the structure of the Wtb coupling with the highest possible accuracy and to look for possible deviations from standard model predictions, we identify sensitive observables and propose an optimal set of cuts which minimizes the background, as compared to the signal. At the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), the single-top and the single-antitop rates are different, and the corresponding asymmetry yields additional information. The analysis shows that the sensitivity for anomalous couplings will be improved at the LHC by a factor of 2-3, as compared to the expectations for the first measurements at the upgraded Tevatron. Still, the bounds on anomalous couplings obtained at hadron colliders will remain 2-8 times larger than those from high-energy $\gamma e$ colliders; however, these will not be available for some time. All basic calculations have been carried out using the computer package CompHEP. The known next-to-leading-order corrections to the single-top rate have been taken into account.

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