2020 Impact factor 4.590
Particles and Fields
Eur. Phys. J. C 9, 283-312
DOI 10.1007/s100529900044

Identification of the glueballs and the scalar meson nonet of lowest mass

P. Minkowski1 - W. Ochs2

1 Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Bern, CH-3012 Bern, Switzerland
2 Max Planck Institut für Physik, Werner Heisenberg Institut, D-80805 München, Germany

Received: 30 November 1998 / Revised version: 17 February 1999 / Published online: 27 April 1999

We discuss the theoretical expectations and phenomenological evidence for the lightest glueballs and the members of the meson nonet with quantum numbers JPC=0++. We reconsider the recent evidence for candidate states with masses below $\sim$1700 MeV, but include also the results from earlier phase-shift analyses. Arguments are presented to classify the scalars f0(980) and f0(1500) as members of the 0++ nonet, with a mixing rather similar to that of the pseudoscalars $\eta'$ and $\eta$. The S-wave states called f0(400-1200) and f0(1370) are considered as different signals from a single broad resonance, which we take to be the lowest-lying 0++ glueball. This state together with $\eta(1440)$ and fJ(1710) with spin J=2 form the basic triplet of binary gluonic bound states. We argue that these hypotheses are consistent with what can be expected theoretically.

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