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Particles and Fields
Eur. Phys. J. C 8, 163-169
DOI 10.1007/s100529901050

Generalized Hamiltonian formalism of (2+1)-dimensional non-linear $\sigma$-model in polynomial formulation

Toyoki Matsuyama

Department of Physics, Nara University of Education, Takabatake-cho, Nara 630-8528, Japan (e-mail: matsuyat@nara-edu.ac.jp)

Received: 29 September 1998 / Published online: 14 January 1999

We investigate the canonical structure of the (2+1)-dimensional non-linear $\sigma$ model in a polynomial formulation. A current density defined in the non-linear $\sigma$ model is a vector field, which satisfies a formal flatness (or pure gauge) condition. It is the polynomial formulation in which the vector field is regarded as a dynamic variable on which the flatness condition is imposed as a constraint condition by introducing a Lagrange multiplier field. The model so formulated has gauge symmetry under a transformation of the Lagrange multiplier field. We construct the generalized Hamiltonian formalism of the model explicitly by using the Dirac method for constrained systems. We derive three types of the pre-gauge-fixing Hamiltonian systems: In the first system the current algebra is realized as the fundamental Dirac Brackets. The second one manifests the similar canonical structure as the Chern-Simons or BF theories. In the last one there appears an interesting interaction as the dynamic variables are coupled to their conjugate momenta via the covariant derivative.

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