Rigorous relativistic equation for quark–antiquark bound states at finite temperature derived from thermal QCD formulated in the coherent-state representation
Department of Physics, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, 150006, P.R. China
2 Center for Theoretical Physics, School of Physics, Jilin University, Changchun, 130023, P.R. China
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Revised: 10 November 2005
Published online: 7 July 2006
A rigorous three-dimensional relativistic equation for quark–antiquark bound states at finite temperature is derived from the thermal QCD generating functional which is formulated in the coherent-state representation. The generating functional is derived newly and given a correct path-integral expression. The perturbative expansion of the generating functional is specifically given by means of the stationary-phase method. Especially, the interaction kernel in the three-dimensional equation is derived by virtue of the equations of motion satisfied by some quark–antiquark Green functions and given a closed form which is expressed in terms of only a few types of Green functions. This kernel is very suitable to use for exploring the deconfinement of quarks. To demonstrate the applicability of the equation derived, the one-gluon exchange kernel is derived and described in detail.
© Springer-Verlag, 2006