Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Growth of matter perturbations in some parametrization of dark energy models
Department of Physics, Bu-Ali Sina University, 65178 016016, Hamedan, Iran
Accepted: 22 June 2023
Published online: 25 July 2023
In this work, we investigate the growth of matter perturbations in some known parameterizations of dark energy (DE) models i.e, CPL, JBP, BA, and a new parameterization of DE introduced in this study. We examine the growth of perturbations in the linear region by assuming the possibility of perturbations in DE. Then, we follow an overall likelihood analysis to put the same constraints on models using background and growth rate data, and we conclude that the reviewed DE parameterizations are compatible with the observational data at both background and perturbation levels. Furthermore, we find that DE parameterizations are comparable with each other, and with the CDM model. In particular, we obtain the following significant results: (i) the growth rate of matter perturbations in the homogeneous DE case is smaller than its value in the clustered case for CPL and BA models, while it is the opposite for JBP and the new model. (ii) The growth rate of matter perturbations related to the CPL and BA models have very similar behavior for both homogeneous and clustered DE cases at all redshift z. This is also true for JBP and the new model. (iii) We show that the growth rate of matter perturbations relevant to the models is lower than its value in the CDM model at low redshifts, and at high redshifts, the difference between them is insignificant. Finally, using AIC and BIC analysis, we conclude that the selection of a model that has better compatible with the observational data depends on the background and perturbation data.
© The Author(s) 2023
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