Regular Article - Experimental Physics
Enhanced light signal for the suppression of pile-up events in Mo-based bolometers for the 0 decay search.
Université Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, Grenoble INP, SIMAP, 38402, Saint Martin d’Héres, France
2 IRFU, CEA, Université Paris-Saclay, 91191, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
3 Laboratorio Subterráneo de Canfranc, 22880, Canfranc-Estación, Spain
4 Université Paris-Saclay, CNRS/IN2P3, IJCLab, 91405, Orsay, France
5 Escuela Superior de Ingenierá y Tecnologí, Universidad Internacional de La Rioja, 26006, Logroño, Spain
6 INFN, Sezione di Milano Bicocca, 20126, Milan, Italy
7 Centro de Astropartículas y Física de Altas Energías, Universidad de Zaragoza, 50009, Zaragoza, Spain
Accepted: 14 April 2023
Published online: 6 May 2023
Random coincidences of events could be one of the main sources of background in the search for neutrino-less double-beta decay of Mo with macro-bolometers, due to their modest time resolution. Scintillating bolometers as those based on LiMoO crystals and employed in the CROSS and CUPID experiments can eventually exploit the coincident fast signal detected in a light detector to reduce this background. However, the scintillation provides a modest signal-to-noise ratio, making difficult a pile-up pulse-shape recognition and rejection at timescales shorter than a few ms. Neganov–Trofimov–Luke assisted light detectors (NTL-LDs) offer the possibility to effectively increase the signal-to-noise ratio, preserving a fast time-response, and enhance the capability of pile-up rejection via pulse shape analysis. In this article we present: (a) an experimental work performed with a LiMoO scintillating bolometer, studied in the framework of the CROSS experiment, and utilizing a NTL-LD; (b) a simulation method to reproduce, synthetically, randomly coincident two-neutrino double-beta decay events; (c) a new analysis method based on a pulse-shape discrimination algorithm capable of providing high pile-up rejection efficiencies. We finally show how the NTL-LDs offer a balanced solution between performance and complexity to reach background index counts/keV/kg/year with 280 g LiMoO (Mo enriched) bolometers at 3034 keV, the Q of the double-beta decay, and target the goal of a next generation experiment like CUPID.
© The Author(s) 2023
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