Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Dark matter fluid constraints from galaxy rotation curves
University of Applied Health Sciences, Mlinarska street 38, 10000, Zagreb, Croatia
2 Catholic University of Croatia, Ilica 242, 10000, Zagreb, Croatia
Accepted: 2 April 2023
Published online: 19 April 2023
Galaxy rotation curves are considered to be convincing evidence for dark matter or some dynamically equivalent alternative mechanism. Starting only from the rotation curve data, we present a model independent approach of testing a general hypothesis that dark matter has the properties of a barotropic fluid. It is shown how the speed of sound squared can be expressed in terms of rotation curve data and their radial derivatives and how model independent constraints can be obtained from the requirements that it is confined between 0 and . Using the Milky Way rotation curve data available in the literature, we obtain the constraints on the barotropic fluid speed of sound and illustrate the potential of this approach. Technical challenges, limitations and possible future extensions and improvements of the proposed approach are discussed.
© The Author(s) 2023
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