Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Shortcut in codimension-2 brane cosmology in light of GW170817
Lanzhou Center for Theoretical Physics, Key Laboratory of Theoretical Physics of Gansu Province, School of Physical Science and Technology, Lanzhou University, 730000, Lanzhou, China
2 Institute of Theoretical Physics and Research Center of Gravitation, Lanzhou University, 730000, Lanzhou, China
3 Physics Department, Chongqing University, 401331, Chongqing, China
4 Key Laboratory for Magnetism and Magnetic of the Ministry of Education, Lanzhou University, 730000, Lanzhou, China
Accepted: 12 February 2023
Published online: 2 March 2023
In this paper, our universe is regarded as a codimension-2 brane embedded in a noncompact six-dimensional Anti-de Sitter (AdS) spacetime. We derive the gravitational horizon radius on the brane under the low-energy approximation, which reflects how the extra dimensions cause the shortcut effect of gravitational waves (GWs). We also study the time delay between a GW signal and an electromagnetic (EM) wave signal in the low-redshift limit by combining with the joint observations of GW170817 and GRB 170817A, which gives an upper limit to the radius as . For a high-redshift source, the time delay is converted into the discrepancy between the source redshift derived from the GW signal and the one derived from the EM counterpart. It is found that if one expects to detect the EM counterpart of a high-redshift GW event within a reasonable observation time, it requires a stronger constraint on the radius. Our research shows that the radius should satisfy for the DECIGO and BBO.
© The Author(s) 2023
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