Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Weyl covariance, second clock effect and proper time in theories of symmetric teleparallel gravity
Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Erciyes University, 38280, Kayseri, Turkey
2 Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Pamukkale University, 20017, Denizli, Turkey
Accepted: 26 December 2022
Published online: 13 January 2023
Just after Weyl’s paper (Weyl in Gravitation und Elektrizität, Sitzungsber. Preuss. Akad., Berlin, 1918) Einstein claimed that a gravity model written in a spacetime geometry with non-metricity suffers from a phenomenon, the so-called second clock effect. We give a new prescription of parallel transport of a vector tangent to a curve which is invariant under both of local general coordinate and Weyl transformations in order to remove that effect. Thus since the length of tangent vector does not change during parallel transport along a closed curve in spacetimes with non-metricity, a second clock effect does not appear in general, not only for the integrable Weyl spacetime. We have specially motivated the problem from the point of view of symmetric teleparallel (or Minkowski–Weyl) geometry. We also conclude that if nature respects Lorentz symmetry and Weyl symmetry, then the simplest geometry in which one can develop consistently alternative gravity models is the symmetric teleparallel geometry; . Accordingly we discuss the proper time, the orbit equation of a spinless test body and the Lagrangian for symmetric teleparallel gravity.
© The Author(s) 2023
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