Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
DHOST gravity in ultra-diffuse galaxies – part I: the case of NGC1052-DF2
Institute of Physics, University of Szczecin, Wielkopolska 15, 70-451, Szczecin, Poland
Accepted: 10 October 2022
Published online: 21 October 2022
The Ultra-Diffuse galaxy NGC1052-DF2 has recently been revealed to be “extremely deficient” in dark matter, if not lacking it at all. This claim has raised many questions regarding the relationship between baryons and dark matter in Ultra-Diffuse galaxies. But there seems to be a quite unanimous belief that, if such very low dark matter content is confirmed and extended to other similar galactic objects, it might be a deathblow to theories which modify and extend General Relativity. Deficient dark matter galaxies thus represent a fertile ground to test both standard dark matter and modified gravity theories. In this work, we consider a specific Degenerate Higher-Order Scalar Tensor model to study the internal kinematics of NGC1052-DF2. Due to the partial breaking of the corresponding screening mechanism, this model can possibly have large cosmological scale effects influencing the dynamics of smaller structures like galaxies. We consider two scenarios: one in which the model only describes dark energy; and one in which it additionally entirely substitutes dark matter. We find that the best model to explain data is General Relativity with only stellar contribution. But while in the former scenario General Relativity is still statistically favoured, in the latter one the alternative model is as much successful and effective as General Relativity in matching observations. Thus, we can conclude that even objects like NGC1052-DF2 are not in contrast, and are not obstacles, to the study and the definition of a reliable alternative to General Relativity.
© The Author(s) 2022
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