Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Dynamics and uncertainty for maximally entangled bipartite system constrained on a helicoid
School of Physics and Electronics, Hunan University, 410082, Changsha, China
2 Department of Physics, University of Agriculture, 38040, Faisalabad, Pakistan
3 Department of Physics, College of Science, King Khalid University, P.O. Box 9004, Abha, Saudi Arabia
Accepted: 28 August 2022
Published online: 13 September 2022
The classical and quantum dynamics of particles constrained on a right helicoid is discussed via Dirac approach. We show how the uncertainty in measurement for observables of maximally entangled system is affected by the total number of constrained particles , external magnetic field ; as well as by geometric parameters like the pitch and the radial position of particles. In doing so we also highlight numeric bounds on the external field strengths to tune both intraparticle and bipartite entanglement and we remark that the bipartite entanglement is more robust to changes in the fields than the intraparticle entanglement, in this framework. We also highlight specific parameter regimes which lead the uncertainty (in measurement) to achieve respective parameter independence and, for a particular subset of commutation relations, the system remains confined in the quantum regime even in the limit . It is observed that the uncertainties are strongly influenced by the geometric parameters e.g., , and the strength of bipartite as well as intraparticle entanglement might be controllable through . The energy equation for this setup is obtained and the additional terms are discussed which arise due to quantum correlations, orbit–orbit interaction and the normal Zeeman effect, which leads to the splitting of the energy level into 11 non-degenerate levels. Finally we comment that, a linkage of this phenomenology with Aharonov–Bohm like effect might be possible by strictly confining along the central axis of the helicoid.
© The Author(s) 2022
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