Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Impact of curvature based geometric constraints on F(R) theory
Institute of Mathematical Sciences, Universiti Malaya, 50603, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
2 Department of Mathematical and Actuarial Sciences, Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman, Jalan Sungai Long, 43000, Cheras, Malaysia
3 Department of Mathematics, Birla Institute of Technology and Science-Pilani, Hyderabad Campus, 500078, Hyderabad, India
Accepted: 3 August 2022
Published online: 13 August 2022
Theories of gravity are fundamentally a relation between matter and the geometric structure of the underlying spacetime. So once we put some additional restrictions on the spacetime geometry, the theory of gravity is bound to get the impact, irrespective of whether it is general relativity or the modified theories of gravity. In the present article, we consider two curvature-based constraints, namely the almost pseudo-Ricci symmetric and weakly Ricci symmetric condition. As a novel result, such spacetimes with non-null associated vectors are entirely classified, and then applying the obtained results, we investigate these spacetimes as solutions of the F(R)-gravity theory. The modified Friedmann equations are derived and analysed in a model-independent way first. Finally, two F(R) gravity models are examined for recent observational constrained values of the deceleration, jerk, and Hubble parameters. We further discuss the behavior of energy conditions.
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