Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Practical jet flavour through NNLO
Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Genova and INFN, Sezione di Genova, Via Dodecaneso 33, 16146, Genoa, Italy
2 SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, 2575 Sand Hill Road, 94025, Menlo Park, CA, USA
3 Department of Physics, Institute for Particle Physics Phenomenology, Durham University, DH1 3LE, Durham, UK
Accepted: 29 June 2022
Published online: 23 July 2022
An infrared and collinear (IRC) safe definition of the partonic flavour of a jet is vital for precision predictions of quantum chromodynamics at colliders. Jet flavour definitions have been presented in the literature, but they are typically defined through modification of the jet algorithm to be sensitive to partonic flavour at every stage of the clustering. While this does ensure that the sum of flavours in a jet is IRC safe, a flavour-sensitive clustering procedure is difficult to apply to realistic data. We introduce a distinct and novel approach to jet flavour that can be applied to a collection of partons defined by any algorithm. Our definition of jet flavour is the sum of flavours of all partons that remain after Soft Drop grooming, reclustered with the JADE algorithm. We prove that this prescription is IRC safe through next-to-next-to-leading order (NNLO), and so can interface with the most precise fixed-order calculations for jets available at present. We validate the IRC safety of this definition with numeric fixed-order codes and further show that jet flavour with Soft Drop reclustered with a generalised algorithm fails to be IRC safe at NNLO.
© The Author(s) 2022
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