Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Gravitational instability with a dark matter background: exploring the different scenarios
Theoretical Physics Laboratory, Faculty of Physics, University of Bab-Ezzouar, USTHB, Boite Postale 32, El Alia, 16111, Algiers, Algeria
Accepted: 16 June 2022
Published online: 25 June 2022
We study the Jeans-type gravitational instability for a self-gravitating medium composed of two species, baryonic (bright) and dark matter particles, using a hybrid quantum-classical fluid approach. Baryonic matter is treated classically, which is appropriate for most astrophysical environments, e.g., Bok globules, while dark matter is treated through a quantum hydrodynamic approach allowing for possible nonlinearities. These nonlinearities may arise in bosonic dark matter due to attractive or repulsive short-range self-interaction (attractive interaction being more relevant for axions) or from the Pauli exclusion principle for fermionic dark matter, e.g., massive neutrinos. This allows us to explore, in a very broad context, the impact of a dark matter background on the Jeans process for different scenarios discussed in the literature. We confront the established stability criterion with Bok globule stability observations and show that the model adequately accounts for the data with dark matter parameters close to those predicted independently from numerical simulations.
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