Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Comparing accretion disk profiles of Bogush–Galt’sov naked singularity and Kerr black hole
Zel’dovich International Center for Astrophysics, M. Akmullah Bashkir State Pedagogical University, 3A, October Revolution Street, 450008, Ufa, RB, Russia
2 Department of Physics and Astronomy, Bashkir State University, 47A, Lenin Street, 453103, Sterlitamak, RB, Russia
Accepted: 10 March 2022
Published online: 20 March 2022
It is well known that the Einstein-scalar system of general relativity can in principle yield non-unique exact spinning naked singularities, which lead to unique Kerr black hole when the scalar field is switched off. It is a challenging task to observationally distinguish these two types of objects. Since accretion process could be a viable diagnostic for this distinction, the purpose of the present work is to explore whether there could be features in the accretion profiles distinguishing the singularity from a Kerr black hole. Here we study the Novikov–Thorne thin accretion to a new spinning naked singularity with a scalar charge recently reported by Bogush and Gal’tsov (BG). Our study reveals that: (1) the conversion efficiency of the BG naked singularity is independent of and (2) the maxima of emissivity profiles for the BG singularity tend to shift towards the inner disk ISCO boundary and peak at a value significantly larger than those of a Kerr black hole with the increase of a, and relative shrinking of . All these effects are quantitatively tabulated, which reveal, for instance, that the flux from the naked singularity could be as high as times larger than that of a Kerr black hole. Since these distinguishing features are known to be shared also by other models of naked singularity, it is tempting to speculate that such behavior could be hallmark of naked singularities.
© The Author(s) 2022
Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
Funded by SCOAP3