Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Whom actually do multipole moments belong to?
Departamento de Matemática Aplicada, Facultad de Ciencias and Instituto Universitario de Física Fundamental y Matemáticas, Universidad de Salamanca, Salamanca, Spain
Accepted: 7 March 2022
Published online: 14 March 2022
Using an integral definition given in Hernández-Pastora et al. (Class Quantum Gravity 33:225009, 2016) to calculate the relativistic multipole moments (RMM), and the ensuing generalized relativistic Gauss theorem, we prove that the evaluation of that volume integral in Erez–Rosen coordinates, leads to a specific link between the RMM and the source of the exterior space–time, provided we have a global static axisymmetric metric in that coordinate system for any Weyl exterior field. This result allows to establish a relationship between the RMM and certain volume integral expressions involving the material content of the source from its energy–momentum tensor as well as the interior metric. In particular the relativistic quadrupole moment for the Erez–Rosen space–time is obtained.
© The Author(s) 2022
Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
Funded by SCOAP3